Areca nut - other vernacular names and facts image

Areca Nut - Other Vernacular Names And Facts

Another name (other vernacular names) : 

Interesting Facts and information : 

Formerly, in both India and Sri Lanka (Lanka), it was a custom of the royalty to chew Areca Nut is still used along with betel leaf in religious ceremonies and while honoring individuals in much of southern Asia.

  • The Fruitcategorized as a berry. It is commercially available in dried, cured, and new forms.
  • When the husk of the fresh Areca Nut can only be sliced using a special scissors-like cutter.
  • Usually, for chewing, a few slices of the nut are wrapped in a betel leaf along with Calcium hydroxide (slaked lime). They may include Clove, Cardamom, catechu (kattha), or other Spices for extra flavoring. Betel leaf has a fresh, peppery taste but can also be bitter varying degrees, depending on the variety.
  • Areca Nuts are chewed with betel leaf for their effects as a mild stimulant, causing a warming Sensation in the body and slightly heightened Alertness. However, the results vary from person to person.
  • The Areca Nut contains the tannins arecatannin and gallic acid; a fixed oil Gum; a little terpineol; lignin; various Saline substances; and three main alkaloids—arecoline, Barcaldine, and vaccine—all of which have vasoconstricting properties.
  • The betel leaf chewed along with the nut contains Eugenol, another vasoconstrictor. Tobacco leaf is often added to the mixture, thereby adding the effect of nicotine.

Therapeutic uses : 

  • Powdered Areca is used as an anthelmintic, taenifuge, and vermifuge for dogs.
  • It has aphrodisiac action and is useful in urinary disorders, such as nervine tonic and emmenagogue.
  • The chewing of the Areca Nut may cause mouth cancer (oral carcinoma.)
  • The chewing of the Areca Nut partially acts as a stimulant but is also believed to strengthen teeth and Gums and suppress appetite.

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