Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin condition that affects many people. According to studies, a significant part of the population (2-4%), adults and children, develop Psoriasis.
If at first, the appearance of Psoriasis can scare you, as it affects your quality of life and Self-confidence, there are solutions and ways to deal with it!
What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is an inflammatory Skin Disease with many faces. In this condition, the cells that grow deep in the skin and gradually rise to the surface, in the case of Psoriasis, do so very quickly. The typical life cycle of a skin cell is 28 days, then it is eliminated, and Psoriatic skin replaces its cells very quickly, even within 4-5 days. The result is that the cells accumulate and thicken the skin, while one of the common symptoms is itching.
This disease is not contagious and is an Immune System in the body. This attack accelerates the production process of cells pushed to the skin's surface, where they accumulate. Immune attacks cause the development of red, inflamed areas.
Psoriasis usually occurs in areas of the body where there is intense friction, such as the elbows, knees, abdomen, and back. In some cases, depending on the Severity of Psoriasis, it can occur on the scalp, legs, arms, and mucous membranes. The nails, mouth, and genital area can be less affected. There are different types of Psoriasis, but the disease generally manifests by erythematous scaly plaques. The skin can be red and dry and gives the feeling that it is peeling. Patients may also develop Psoriatic Arthritis – which occurs in about 20%.
Types of Psoriasis
- Plaque Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body in the form of dry and red plaques, which are covered by white or silvery scales.
- Erythrodermic Psoriasis is the rarest form of Psoriasis, affecting only 2% of people with Psoriasis. This is the most Severe and life-threatening type of Psoriasis, and its Symptoms are found all over the body. Some of these are intense itching, increased heart rate, redness, and flaking. It can cause hypothermia, high heart rate, Dehydration, and Serious infections such as pneumonia and Sepsis.
- Inverse Psoriasis: Located in areas such as the armpits, groin, under the breasts, and in areas of the genitals. The Symptoms are pretty annoying because they are irritated by friction and sweating.
- Guttate Psoriasis: Affects more young Adults and children. It is associated with a bacterial infection – usually due to streptococcus (throat streptococcus). An Immune System reaction begins that causes spots on the skin.
- Pustular Psoriasis: Causes rashes with non-infectious pus in areas such as the palms of the hands, toes, toenails, and soles of the feet.
Psoriasis is a multifactorial disease with a solid genetic background. Genetic predisposition is one of the main factors in the occurrence of Psoriasis, which manifests itself randomly.
- Obesity: Psoriasis is more common in obese people.
- Medication: Some medications can trigger Psoriasis, although it does not occur in all patients. They include lithium and some medicines for high blood pressure.
- Infection: If you are sick or fighting a disease, your Immune System may be trying too hard. This can trigger an outbreak of Psoriasis, and Streptococcus infection of your throat is a common cause.
- Anxiety: Unusually high Symptoms worse. If you learn to manage your Stress, you can reduce and possibly prevent outbreaks of the condition.
- Alcohol: Excessive Psoriasis can be more common.
- Injury: A cut or scratch on the skin can cause inflammation. Do not tattoo if you have Psoriasis. Wounds, vaccinations, and sunburns can also trigger a new outbreak.
It is manifested by the appearance of hyperkeratosis and erythematous scaly plaques, which may be indistinguishable or very visible. The skin is red and dry, may itch, and feel peeling. In some Severe cases, there is Severe pain. Psoriatic Arthritis ) occurs in 10-12% of people with Psoriasis.
- Genital Psoriasis: This type is widespread in both men and women. Two-thirds of people develop genital Psoriasis, which can affect the skin in the genital area and the inside and upper thighs.
- Psoriasis of the scalp: It affects about 60% of people with Psoriasis. Psoriasis on the head can affect the hairline, forehead, back of the neck, and skin in or around the ears.
- Psoriasis of the face: It affects about 1 in 3 people with Psoriasis. It can appear on the front, forehead, eyebrows, nose, and upper lip.
- Psoriasis of the hands, feet, and nails: Between 12 and 15 percent of people with Psoriasis have palmar Psoriasis. Nail Changes can also occur in 50% of people living with Psoriasis.
Psoriasis is not curable but goes through periods of remission and exacerbation. It is not contagious, so there is no risk of transmission from person to person.
If you have Psoriasis, you should be seen by a dermatologist. Newer medications can give you skin clearance or significantly reduce Symptoms. Some new drugs act targeted against molecules that play a crucial role in the development of inflammation, i.e., they mobilize the Interleukins 17 and 23.
Here are some things to do to help ease your Symptoms :
Exposure to sunlight – in moderation – is good
- Sunbathing for 15-30 minutes without sunscreen is beneficial, although the mechanisms are unknown. Sun exposure also causes the production of Vitamin D, which may be another action mechanism. Note that the sun does not always have a beneficial effect on Psoriasis, as sunburn can be a trigger for the disease.
Small amounts of vanillin
This is the conclusion of a study on mice published in the ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vanillin is a vanilla extract that affects certain Interleukins involved in inflammatory conditions.
Diet and lifestyle
- A study of more than 3,500 Alcohol and high sugar consumption.
Avoid dry air in winter.
- Winter causes flares in 80% of patients. Dry indoor air and less exposure to sunlight worsen the Symptoms. Patients should not forget the perfect Hydration of their skin; they need to drink enough water and use an excellent moisturizer. Placing a water bowl near the radiator is suitable for the dry atmosphere.
- Exercise relieves Stress which is a trigger, and is generally good for health by reducing the risk of comorbidities associated with Psoriasis.
Reduce gluten intake
- Although the evidence is inconclusive, some scientists believe that gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley, not only causes celiac disease but can also cause Psoriasis is Sensitive to gluten in the United States. Therefore, a gluten-free diet can help these people manage their Symptoms.
- Some general guidelines for treating Psoriasis are:
- avoid Alcohol consumption
- increase Omega 3 Fatty Acid intake (EPA and DHA)
- reduce gluten intake
- reducing the consumption of simple sugars and sugar
- reduce the consumption of Saturated fats
- A gluten-free diet has often been shown to help significantly reduce the Severity of Symptoms. The reason is that Psoriasis shares the Same metabolic pathways as celiac disease, which is why individuals show Sensitivity to gliadin metabolism.
- As Supplements help reduce inflammation and better manage Symptoms.
Creams and topical treatments
- Many skin care creams and cosmetics, such as shampoos or moisturizers, are used to treat Psoriasis and reduce the Severity of Symptoms, depending on the area and severity of the problem.
The goal of topical treatments is :
- to help remove scales
- to smooth the skin and reduce its roughness
- to reduce skin inflammation
- to reduce itching
- to moisturize dry and rough skin
Psoriasis is a Skin Disease that affects the quality of life; for this reason, you can improve your lifestyle and take proper care of your skin, preventing the disease outbreak and giving you healthier and more vibrant skin.