Bruxism or Bruxism is the involuntary grinding and clenching of teeth. It usually occurs during sleep but can also occur during the day.
It is estimated that this condition affects 10-20% of the population regardless of gender and age, and more children – the lowest rates are in the elderly over 60. People who gnash their teeth (grinding the teeth) when they sleep do not know it, but those who are next to them can hear the sounds of their teeth. Examining the teeth, the dentist can understand if someone is gnashing them while sleeping because of the consequences of this condition.
- Bruxism and indications
- Bruxism and causes
- Bruxism and treatment
Bruxism and causes
Although Bruxism is not uncommon – data from the American National Sleep Foundation show that 8% of Adults and 14-20% of children under 11 gnash their teeth at night – the causes are unclear. In young children, it may be a response to the pain accompanying teething or when they feel anxious.
It has been observed that squeaking often occurs in anger and stress. Research has shown that brain activity and heart rate can increase before a Bruxism episode, suggesting that the central nervous system plays a role.
In some people, it may be due to a spasm of the facial muscles during sleep. Bruxism can also be a side effect of specific treatments, including antidepressants and antipsychotics.
Neurological conditions such as Huntington’s disease or Parkinson’s disease can be causes. Factors that may be associated include fatigue, Gummay encourage Bruxism.
Bruxism and indications
The pressure of gnashing teeth at night can be six times greater than the pressure exerted during the day. This can cause damage to the enamel of the teeth, pain in the face, pain in the jaw muscles, and headaches or migraines. Ear pain can also occur because the temporomandibular joint structures are affected. There may also be reflex pain in which a person feels pain in a different location from their source.
Of course, it does matter how intense and persistent Longtime can permanently damage the jaw.
It is estimated that 20% of those who gnash their teeth have Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD) that affect the movement of the temporomandibular joints. These joints connect your jaw to your skull, helping you to eat, chew and talk. But when you gnash your teeth incessantly, you strain those joints too much, and it is possible to hear a clicking sound every time you open and close your mouth.
Bruxism and treatment
- Teething or grinding the teeth during the day can be improved with increased awareness, but nighttime Bruxism needs other strategies as it is out of the individual’s control.
- Options are available to alleviate the Symptoms, and of course, if the underlying cause is identified, it can be treated. If the underlying problem is anxiety or sleep apnea, treating these conditions can help. One study found that treating sleep apnea reduced Symptoms.
- Splints are an option. It is a mobile construction that the dentist applies to the chewing surface and the cutting edge of the teeth of the upper or lower jaw, not allowing direct contact with the teeth. Using a splint relaxes the muscles, so they are not constantly in contraction, and the body learns not to grit its teeth.
- Finally, another remedy option for short-term use is to take muscle relaxants.
Tip:- Avoiding foods and beverages with high caffeine or Alcohol can be beneficial.
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