Poliovirus - eradicated from India image

Poliovirus - Eradicated From India

What is Poliovirus?

  • Polio (also called Poliomyelitis) is a disabling, life-threatening disease caused by the Polio-virus.
  • The Virusspreads from person to person and can infect the spinal cord, causing paralysis (can't move parts of the body).

Signs & Symptoms 

Most people infected with this Viruswill not have any visible Symptoms.

About 25 out of 100 (25 %) with Symptoms that can include:

  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Stomach pain
  • Fever
  • Tiredness
  • Nausea

These Symptoms usually last two - five days, then go away independently.

A tiny proportion of people with Symptoms that affect the brain and spinal cord:

  • Paralysis (you can't move parts of the body) and weakness in the arms, legs, or both occur in about one out of two hundred people to one in two thousand people, depending on the Virus type.
  • Meningitis (infection of covering of the spinal cord & brain)occurs in about 1–5 out of 100 people with the Virus type.

Paralysis is the most dangerous symptom that Virusaffects the muscles of the respiratory system that help them breathe.

Those who seem to recover fully can develop new muscle weakness, pain, or paralysis as Adults, 15 to 35 years later. This is called post-polio syndrome.

Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) :

Polio has been around since ancient times. This old Egyptian tomb painting shows a man with a withered leg, unable to bear weight without using Fibers, replaced with permanent scarring (muscle-wasting).

Suppose someone had a Poliovirus infection. Some PPS patients start using wheelchairs when they have not been before.

Transmission

  • It can contaminate food & water in unsanitary conditions.
  • Poliovirus is very contagious & spreads through person-to-person contact.
  • It lives in an infected person's throat & intestines.
  • Poliovirus only infects people. It enters the body through the mouth. It spread through:
  • Contact with the feces of the infected human person
  • Droplets from ac
  • You can get the as infected with Poliovirus if:
  • You have picked up minute pieces of feces on your hands & touched mouth.
  • You put in mouth objects like toys that are contaminated with your faced.
  • An infected person can spread the Symptoms appear.
  • The VirusScan live in an infected person's intestines for many weeks and can contaminate food and water in unsanitary conditions.
  • People who don't have Virusto others and make them sick.

Diagnosis

Healthcare providers who suspect a patient has Poliovirus are primarily detected in stool specimens.

Prevention

There are two types of vaccines that can prevent Polio:

  • The oral Poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is still used throughout the world, and
  • Inactivated Poliovirus vaccine is given as the injection in the leg and arm, depending on the age.

IPV Immunization Schedule

  • Children usually get the inactivated Polio-virus vaccine (IPV) at two months, four months, 6–18 months, and 4–6 years.
  • Sometimes Ipvis has given in a combination vaccine along with other vaccines. In this case, a child might receive a fifth dose of IPV, which is Safe.

The oral Polio-virus vaccine (OPV) is a weakened live vaccine still used in many parts of the world but hasn't been used in the United States since 2000. We are using the Polio vaccine.

OPV doses before April 2016 can count toward a child's United states Poliovaccination requirements, and amounts given after that will not count.

The Polio vaccine will be protected from Poliovirus.

Maintaining good hand hygiene and washing hands often with soapy water are also essential. Note that any Alcohol-based hand Sanitizers do not kill Poliovirus.

Treatment

There is not any treatment available for paralytic Polio.

Physically or occupationally, therapy can help with arm & leg weakness caused by Infectious Disease experts to discuss possible treatments & recommend specific interventions on a case-by-case basis.

If you think and understand someone in your family has signs & Symptoms of the Polio virus, please call your doctor's healthcare provider immediately or go to an emergency room.

Polio Eradication Efforts in India

Polio drops. Over 170 million young kids are immunized during each NID and 77 million in SNID.

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