HIV and normal lifespan - its possible ! image

Hiv And Normal Lifespan - Its Possible !

What is Hiv?

  • HIV Aids(acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome).
  • There is currently no effective cure. Once people get Hiv, they have it throughout life.
  • But with proper medical care, HIV treatment can also live Long, healthy lives and protect their partners.

Where did it come from?

  • HIV Viral Infection in humans came from one chimpanzee (animal) type in Central Africa.
  • This animal version of the Viruses called the simian immuno-deficiency HIV Virus. It was probably passed to the humans when they hunted these animals for meat and came in contact with their infected blood.
  • Over decades, Hivslowly spread into other parts of the world.

Causes

  • HIV destroys CD4 T cells —one type of white blood cell (WBC) that play a significant role in help your body fight disease. The lower CD4 T-cells you have, the weaker your Immune System becomes.

How HIV spreads

When infected, blood, Semen, or vaginal secretions must enter your body to become infected with Hiv. This can happen in several ways:

  • By having anal or vaginal Sex without any protection. 
  • By sharing infected or already used needles.
  • From blood transfusions.
  • During pregnancy or delivery or through breastfeeding. Infected mothers can pass the HIV infection during pregnancy can significantly lower the risk to their babies.

Diagnosis of HIV infection

  •  Only way to know if you have the HIV positive is to get tested. Tests are 1) Antigen/antibody tests and 2) Nucleic Acid Test s (NATs)
  • Knowing your Status helps you make health decision to prevent getting or transmitting Hiv.
  • Some Symptoms alone don't mean you have Hiv. Other illnesses can also cause similar Symptoms.
  • Some people have no Hivis to get tested.

Stages of HIV infection

When people with treatment, progression to Stage-3 (AIDS) is less common today than in the early years of the HIV.

Stage 1: Acute HIV infection

  • People have a lot of HIV in their blood, which is very contagious.
  • Get tested if you have flu-like symptoms and think you may have been exposed to Hiv.
  • Many people have flu-like Symptoms.

Possible signs and Symptoms for stage 1 include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and joint pain
  • Rash
  • Sore throat and painful mouth sores
  • Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Cough
  • Night sweats

Stage 2: Chronic HIV infection

  • This level is also called clinical latency or asymptomatic HIV infection.
  • HIV is still active & continues to reproduce in the body.
  • People may not have any HIV.
  • People who take treatment as prescribed may never move into Stage 3 (AIDS).
  • But without treatment, and at the end of this stage, the amount of HIV in the blood increases, and the person may move into Stage 3 (AIDS).

Stage 3: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

  • The most dangerous stage of HIV infection.
  • People, at this stage, can have a high viral load and may easily transmit HIV to others.
  • People who are suffered from Aidshave badly damaged Immune systems s. They are susceptible to other infections.
  • Without Aidstypically survive about three years.

The signs and Symptoms at stage 3 include:

  • Sweats
  • Chills
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Skin rashes or bumps
  • Recurring fever
  • Chronic Diarrhea 
  • Persistent, unexplained fatigue
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Endless white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth

Starting and maintaining treatment

  • Patients with HIV infection, regardless of the CD4 T-cell count or Symptoms, should be offered anti-viral medication.
  • ART (anti-retroviral therapy) is the best way for you to stay healthy in HIV infection.
  • For Art to be beneficial, you must take the medications as prescribed without missing any dose. 

Staying on the Art with an undetectable viral load helps:

  • Reduce your Chances of transmitting HIV to onother people
  • Keep your Immune System strong.
  • Reduce your chances of getting an infection
  • Reduce your Chances of developing treatment-resistant Hiv

Staying in therapy can be Challenging. It's essential to talk to your doctor health care provider about difficulty taking medications, possible side effects &

evention

  • There's no vaccine to prevent HIV infection & no cure for Hiv. But you can protect yourself & others from disease.
  • To help prevent the spread of Hiv:
  • Ask your Sexual partners if you have Hiv.
  • Use a clean needle
  • If you're pregnant and Hiv-positive, get medical care right away. 
  • Use treatment as prevention (TasP). If you're living with Hiv, taking medication can keep your partner from becoming infected with the Virus.
  • Use post-exposure prophylaxis if you've been exposed to Hiv. If you think you've been infected through Sex, needles, or in the workplace, contact your doctor. Taking PEP as soon as possible within 72 hours can significantly reduce your risk of becoming infected with Hiv. (In this situation, You need to take medication for one month.)
  • Use a new condom every time you have the Sex. Women can use a female condom.

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Comments

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    • Parsuram Jamdagni
    • On Aug. 29, 2022 at 5:55 a.m.

    Acquiring knowledge...its important for all

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